Ramson (wild onion, chenzel, levurda) is a perennial aromatic plant that belongs to the onion family. It grows mainly in nature, it is similar in appearance to the lily of the valley, when its leaves do not flower; It tastes like garlic. Ramson reaches a height of 40 cm, has an onion without a cover scale, that is, the stems of the plant thicken to the bottom, forming a fleshy part. Above the leaves are pointed. During flowering it throws a hemispherical umbrella with white flowers. A fruit - a trihedral box. Globe seeds, black. It grows in flooded meadows, near rivers, streams, marshes, in deciduous alder, deciduous, deciduous forests, often forming scrub. Distributed in Central and Southwestern Europe, the Mediterranean countries, Asia Minor, Scandinavia. In Russia - mainly in Siberia. Eat a stem, leaf and bulb plant.
Ramson leaves are usually collected in spring, before flowering. The taste of wild garlic leaves resemble garlic and onion vegetables, are rich in vitamin C. Freshly harvested grass is used as a spice in salads, soups, vegetables and as filling for cakes. Kvass grass, salt and pickle; It is not recommended to dry it, because in such a state the ramson loses some of its valuable qualities. In the Caucasus, most wild garlic is used in hot dishes, and raw onions, which are also harvested before flowering, are eaten with bread and salt. In Germany, with wild garlic, bread and pies are also baked, used in hot dishes, and instead of basil they are added to a special type of pesto.
Dietary product low in calories, which in its raw form contains only 35 kcal. Boiled ramson butter contains 124 kcal and is not recommended for people suffering from obesity.
The ancient Romans and the Egyptian ramson - a miraculous plant, believed to help cleanse the blood and stomach, improves the activity of the digestive tract, improves appetite and the activity of gastric juices. It is used in various purulent diseases, scurvy, atherosclerosis, worms and intestinal infections. It is also known that in ancient times it was actively consumed during epidemics of cholera and plague. Ramson contains a large amount of vitamin C, essential oil and other substances, has phytocidal properties. It has a strong smell of garlic, which is partially removed if, before eating, the ramson is boiled with boiling water and vinegar. It has anti-punctuation tonic property. Ramson is good for the heart, it can lower blood pressure and block the formation of cholesterol plaques. Churemsha is recommended for vitamin deficiency, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
The ancient Greeks believed that this plant has the ability to "maintain courage." Ramson leaves have strong bactericidal properties. It takes two or three minutes to chew a piece of Checheshi, since all the harmful microflora in the oral cavity will be eliminated by the phytotic substances that the phytomedids release from the tissues of the plants. Phytoncides also improves the growth and development of human tissues and contributes to their recovery. In certain doses, phytomedids have a beneficial effect on the strengthening of the nervous system, strengthen the secretory function of the gastrointestinal tract, help improve metabolism and stimulate the activity of the heart. Ramson is also an excellent tool for the prevention and treatment of colds. The juice and crushed leaves were used externally for various skin diseases, especially lichens and warts. The infusion of folk healers of wild garlic from 10 to 20 g of raw material to 1 cup of boiling water is prescribed for fever, which rub painful spots with rheumatism. The tincture of alcohol in the form of lotions and rubs, as well as ingestion, treat the cough of various origins. Raw wild garlic is consumed in cases of thyroid diseases, hiccups and hyperthyroidism. The ramsons, unlike many medications used in the treatment of atherosclerosis and thyroid disease, do not cause hyperthyroidism induced by drugs, even with prolonged use. Similarly, the raw sour or salted ramson use, and, in addition, is used as a stimulating appetite.
Ramson is contraindicated for pancreatitis, cholecystitis, hepatitis, inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to the stimulating effect on digestion. It is also not recommended for pregnant women, as well as for people with gastritis, stomach ulcers and epilepsy. You can not abuse the infusion of wild garlic, as they adversely affect the cardiovascular system and, in addition, can cause headaches, insomnia, indigestion.