The tree in natural conditions reaches 6 m high, the room is much lower. Unlike other years, it is an evergreen tree. The leaves are oval or oblong, bright, leathery, dark green, up to 15 cm long, have a slightly spicy smell, especially noticeable when rubbed. The flowers are fragrant, large (up to 4.5 cm in diameter), they consist of three fleshy yellow-green outer petals and three pale yellow inner ones, they can appear in different places: on the trunk, branches and small branches.
The flowers never reveal themselves completely. The fruits are oval or heart-shaped, often irregularly shaped, up to 30 cm in length, 15 cm in diameter and weighing up to 3 kg, dark green, when ripe, they turn yellowish green. The shell of the fetus is thin, but resistant, has a mesh pattern. The light and juicy creamy meat is similar to the pastry cream, divided into segments, which in some cases contains a smooth and dark oval seed. The pulp is fragrant, with a slight acidity, it has a unique aroma, a bit like pineapple. The fruit contains several tens of seeds.
Fruits are harvested when they are still solid, but they have already changed their color from dark green to slightly yellow-green. If fruits are allowed to ripen on the tree, they can fall to the ground and be damaged if they fall. After harvest, they can remain strong for several days at room temperature. Ripe fruits are quite soft, they feel when pressed with a finger. Ripe fruits can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-3 days.
The shell may turn black, but the meat remains edible. The pulp can be eaten with a spoon directly from the fruit, it can be preserved for future use. Before machining the pulp, it is necessary to remove all the seeds, since they are somewhat toxic. The pulp is used to make juices, cocktails and other drinks, mashed potatoes, ice cream. In Indonesia, green fruits are used as vegetables.
The pulp is soft, it is used to prepare juices, extracts, it is a source of vitamins (C, B), mineral salts (calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus), as well as proteins, carbohydrates, folic acid. Due to its rich vitamin composition, it is used in diseases of the large intestine, supports intestinal flora, improves liver function, helps reduce weight, normalizes the acidity of the stomach and helps excrete uric acid from the body, therefore, it Recommended for people suffering from rheumatism, arthritis and gout. A large set of B vitamins provides a therapeutic effect for degenerative diseases of the spine, neurological pathology.
According to studies, the substances contained in this plant have anticancer properties. Unlike chemotherapy, which destroys all cells, these substances act selectively only on foreign cells. Acetoginine is an inhibitor of enzymatic processes in tumor tissues. A large number of foreign articles are dedicated to the action of acetogenin as an antitumor substance. The results of a study of the antitumor activity of guanaban in comparison with the chemotherapeutic drug adriamycin are presented. The advantages in the antitumor activity of guanaban and its selectivity for tumor cells are shown.
Guanaban medication has no toxic effect on healthy cells and is also widely used in the treatment of diabetes. Guanban extract has an antiviral effect. It is an antimalarial, antimicrobial, antifungal and antiparasitic agent.
In addition to a number of useful properties, annons have damage. Sugar apple seeds have a spicy flavor. Eating them in food will inevitably lead to poisoning with possible serious consequences. Do not allow the juice of annona seeds to enter your eyes, in some cases this can cause blindness! Also remember that you should not get carried away by eating the pulp of this fruit, you must know the measure in everything to avoid undesirable consequences. Due to the high calcium content in annon, pregnant women should not eat it.
Latin American academics believe that soursop abuse can cause Parkinson's disease. In addition, some medicinal herbs called Triamazon are made from annonas. This medicine is not licensed, therefore, its effectiveness is very doubtful and has not yet been confirmed.