A Quick Guide to Greek Mythology


The Greeks believed in many gods (and many generations of gods) and believed that they had both supernatural powers and human weaknesses. The greatest beings in Greek mythology are probably the twelve Olympian gods who took their name from the place of their abode - Mount Olympus.

Zeus
The ruler of the Olympian gods and the God of heaven, thunder and justice. His weapon is love at first sight. Married to Hera.

Poseidon
The God of the sea, earthquakes and horses. His weapon is a trident and he is the second in power after Zeus.

Hell
God of the underworld and of wealth. Lord of the dead.

Hestia
Goddess of the hearth and the house. Zeus' sister.

Hera
The goddess of women, marriage and childbirth. The ruling female goddess of Olympia because she was married to Zeus.

Aris
The God of War. The son of Zeus and Hera.

Athena
The goddess of wisdom, reason, intelligent activity, the arts and literature. A daughter of Zeus.

Apollo
The God of the sun, of light, of healing, of medicine, of music, of poetry, of prophecy, of archery and of truth. Son of Zeus and Leto and twin brother of Artemis

Aphrodite
The goddess of love, desire, beauty and fertility.

Hermes
The fastest of the gods and messenger of all the other gods. God of commerce, thieves, commerce and travelers. The son of Zeus and Maia.

Artemis
Goddess of chastity, virginity, childbirth, the hunt, the forest, the moon and the natural environment. Zeus and Leto's daughter and Apollo's twin sister.

Hephaestus
The God of fire and the forge. The son of Zeus and Hera and husband of Aphrodite.

Daedalus and Icarus
Daedalus was a famous sculptor and builder who built a large labyrinth called "The Labyrinth" under the palace of Knossos in Crete in which King Minos kept a monster: half man, half bull (the Minotaur). The structure consisted of such a complicated tangle that it was impossible to get out of it. Once the labyrinth was completed, King Minos didn't want Daedalus to reveal his secret to anyone, so he imprisoned him and his only son Icarus in a high tower. Daedalus and Icarus didn't like being prisoners, so they began to try to find ways to escape. After watching the birds from the tower windows, Deadalus decided to make wings with bird feathers and wax for himself and his son so that they could soar and be free. By attaching the wings to his son, Daedalus warned his son not to fly too close to the sea as the moisture from the waves wet the feathers making them too heavy to fly and not to fly too high in the sky as the sun would melt. wax. Icarus was so fascinated by the flight that he forgot his father's warnings and began to climb higher and higher. As he ascended in the sky his wings started to melt, when Icarus realized what was happening he tried to fly lower but it was too late the wings broke he fell in the water and drowned.

Theseus and Ariadne
King Minos (the King of Crete) had a powerful navy that all of Greece feared. He agreed with King Aegues (of Athens) that he would not attack Athens if the people of Athens agreed to send seven boys and seven girls as food for the Minotaur each year. When the time came to send the boys and girls to Crete, Prince Theseus (the son of King Aegean) wanted to save the children and anyone who might be sent in the future, so he decided he would go with them to kill the minotaur. King Aegean begged his son not to go because he feared his son would also be devoured by the minotaur. But Theseus insisted and he set off for Crete in a black sail boat, promising his father that the boats would sail in white to announce if he had won and lived to get home. When they arrived in Crete, they were greeted by King Minos and his daughter Ariadne. Princess Ariadne immediately fell in love with Prince Theseus and decided to help him in his mission. That night she gave Theseus a sword and a ball of thread and asked him to tie the ball of string to the door of the labyrinth where the minotaur lived and unroll it as he passed through the labyrinth so that 'he could use it to find his was. back off once he had killed the minotaur with the sword. Prince Theseus did exactly as instructed and after finding the minotaur a great battle was fought which Theseus won by killing the minotaur and was able to exit the labyrinth using the ball of thread to guide him.

Pandora's box
According to Greek mythology, Pandora was the first woman on earth and was created by the god Zeus in an act of revenge against man. He asked Hephaestus to create a beautiful woman whom the gods endowed with all charm (with curiosity and deception) and sent her to earth as a gift for Epimetheus, who fell in love with her and they got married. As a wedding gift, Zeus sent Pandora a beautiful box which he told her never to open and gave the key to the box to Epimetheus. Over time, Pandora became very curious about the contents of the box and repeatedly begged Epimetheus to let her open it, but each time he said "no". Finally, one day when Epimetheus was sleeping, Pandora stole the key and opened the box. As she lifted the lid to peek inside the terrible things that came out of the box, all types of catastrophes man had never known before: sickness, despair, wickedness, greed, hatred, violence, cruelty and war. Unable to catch all of these things before they flew away, Pandora slammed the lid and turned the key, only keeping the spirit of hope that Zeus had included in to help people keep going when the going. unpleasant made them fall.


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