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CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND GOOD PARENTING.


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Child psychology is the study of the subconscious and conscious childhood development.

Good Parenting :

Good parenting involves a great deal of consistency and routine, which gives children a sense of control. Good parenting focuses on developing independence in children, so redundancy becomes the aim for parents. Good parenting involves a style that considers children's age and stage of development.

Good parenting Helps the child exhibit optimistic and confident social behaviours. Healthy parent involvement and intervention in the child's day-to-day life lay the foundation for better social and academic skills. A secure attachment leads to a healthy social, emotional, cognitive, and motivational development.
Child psychologists observe how a child interacts with their parents, themselves, and the world, to understand their mental development

There are 5 stages of child development

  1. Cognitive Development
  2. Social and Emotional Development
  3. Speech and Language Development
  4. Fine Motor Skill Development
  5. Gross Motor Skill Development

1.COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT:Att this stage infants begins to perceive, think, and gain understanding of his or her world through the interaction of genetic and learned factors. Among the areas of cognitive development are: information processing, intelligence , reasoning, language development , and memory.

2.Social and Emotional Development :

In Social and emotional development stage, children begins to understand who they are, what they are feeling and what to expect when interacting with others. It is the development of being able to: 

~Form and sustain positive relationships.

~Experience, manage and express emotions.

~Explore and engage with their environment.

 

3.Speech and Language Development:

At this stage children learn skills and ways to communicate with others. They form these skills during the first years of life. By age 6, most children learn the basics.
"Try to talk and read to your child often to boost these skills."

4.Fine Motor Skill Development:

At this stage children starts reading a book on their own. Feeding their self without difficulty. Knowing where their body is in time and space to coordinate body movements for ball skills. Playing with 4 or 5 children in a group.

5.Gross Motor Skill Development.

This involves the physical
growth and strengthening of a child's bones, muscles and ability to move and touch his/her surroundings. A child's motor development falls into two categories: fine motor and gross motor.
Gross motor skill Development include:

Gross motor skills include skills such as:

sitting.

standing.

walking.

running.

jumping.

lifting (a spoon, a hairbrush, a barbell — they all count)

kicking.

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The main features of child Psychology includes:
The Observation, understanding of the world around them, language learning,
memory, decision-making, problem-solving, how the child uses their imagination, and how the child uses basic reasoning. All of these factors are influenced by a child's genetics and environment.

why you need to Understand your child Psychology

Understanding your child Psychology is one of the most important things that you should learn as a parent. It is very helpful in becoming effective in guiding and nurturing your child as they grow and mature. You need to bear in mind that your child has a unique personality trait that remains consistent throughout life.

One of the ways you can understand your child is by observing them as they sleep, eat, or play. Look for the consistent traits. Which activities do they like best? Is adjusting to changes easy for them or do they need time to become familiar with these things? These things are the normal characteristics of a child and your child may not be an exception.

As much as possible, have time to talk to your children as this is crucial to gaining information and understanding. In the case of young children, they require less verbal language and more facial expression and body language in order to understand their thoughts and feelings. Asking them questions will allow them to share their feelings to you.

SELF ESTEEM is a major key to success in life. The development of a positive self-concept or healthy self-esteem is extremely important to the happiness and success of children and teenagers. A positive parent-child relationship provides the framework and support for a child to develop a healthy respect and regard for s elf and for others. Children crave time with parents. It makes them feel special. Parents are encouraged to find time to spend playing with their kids on a regular basis. This should include one to one with each child and group time with all of the adults and kids in the home. If you are a single parent or have an only child, occasionally invite family or friends over to play.

For one reason or another, some children do not develop social skills as easily as others. They may earnestly seek peer relationships and then, having endured rebuffs, if not downright cruelty, retreat to the safety of home, family, and their own company. There is probably nothing so painful for a parent as the rejection of his child. Parents need to take the long view of social problems and to map out a plan to solve them quite as carefully and thoughtfully as they would consider academic or health problems. There are guidelines which, if followed, will help these children if the parent is willing to take time and initiative.

Most parents will encounter a few bumps in the road as their child moves from baby to teen to adult. The Child Psychology section provides guidelines and referrals to trusted resources for such problems as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder – ADHD, Anxiety, Autism/Aspergers, Bedwetting, Depression, Oppositional Defiant Disorder – ODD, Shyness and more....

While there are many things that influence a child's development, parents play a big part. Researchers say it's important to ensure your parenting style is supporting healthy growth and development, because the way you interact with your child and how you discipline has a lifelong impact.

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Source :https://www.google.com/search?q=child+psychology&client=ms-opera-mini-android&channel=new&sxsrf=ALeKk00oW5XBGW2tRGzzwpto3WkOVBwAig:1619816983056&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj63IC_8KbwAhWHh1wKHXIZCk4Q_AUIBygC&biw=360&bih=562#

Thank you all for reading ❤❤❤

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