Kovid-19 and Mask: Some instructions for the family


The mask helps stop the spread of the Covid-19 virus. However, many parents have noticed that it is not at all easy for children to start using masks.


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Several countries have a long history of using masks to reduce bacterial infections. But for many families, 2020 will be a memorable time for them to wear a mask for the first time.

If you have never used a mask before, you will probably have a number of questions. To help you make the best decision for your family, we've gathered the latest expert information on how to wear and properly care for a mask in the context of Covid-19 and how to start using it successfully in your family:

Why wear a face mask?

One of the main ways in which Covid-19 is spread is by the tiny droplets (droplets) that come out of the airways when people talk, sing, cough or sneeze. Although research is ongoing, we now know that the virus can spread through people who have no symptoms. This means that some people can be infected, even without any realization.

This is one of the reasons why it is so important to maintain physical distance in places where the prevalence of Covid-19 is high. However, it is not always possible to maintain distance from others in crowded places, which is why it is advisable to use cloth masks to keep everyone safe in such situations.

But keep in mind that just one mask will not stop the spread of Covid-19 - we all need to adhere to physical distance and continue to wash our hands frequently. Together we can defeat Kovid-19 through these steps.

What kind of mask should I take for my family?

Non-Medical Mask (Cloth Mask):

If you and your family live in a place where the prevalence of Covid-19 is high and there are no symptoms of Covid-19, it is recommended to use non-medical mask

Medical masks:

There is a shortage of medical masks worldwide due to epidemics. If you or a family member is at high risk of becoming seriously ill with Covid-19 (over the age of 60 or any other health problem) or if you are caring for someone with Covid-19, use a medical mask. Is. If you have symptoms of Covid-19, you should wear a medical mask to protect others.

What kind of cloth mask is best?

Fabric masks are made with a variety of materials and you can make these at home or buy them from the store if you want. Although research into the use of cloth masks is ongoing, their effectiveness depends on the type of fabric used and the level of fabric being used. The World Health Organization recommends the use of three levels of masks where:

The inner layer will be made of absorbent material like cotton cloth
The middle layer will have non-woven materials like polypropylene
The outer layer will be made of non-absorbent materials like polyester or polyester blends
No matter what type of mask you choose to cover your face, it should be such that the nose, mouth and chin are covered and protected with rubber bands or girdles.

When should my family wear a mask?

Find out if your local authority is asking you to wear a mask in a particular situation where you live and has given any age-based advice.

Whether your child should wear a mask depends on a number of factors, including their age and their ability to use the mask safely and appropriately. See the UNICEF and World Health Organization guidelines for more information.

If the prevalence of Covid-19 is high in your area, it is difficult to maintain physical distance - you should always wear a cloth mask in crowded situations. Crowded areas and lack of adequate ventilation should be avoided as much as possible.

There is a lot of misinformation being spread about the use of masks and Covid-19, so be sure to use information from trusted sources such as UNICEF, the World Health Organization and your national and local health authorities when making decisions about your family's health.

Shouldn't you be wearing a mask then?

No one should wear a mask, including newborns and young children or people with shortness of breath who are unable to open the mask without the help of others.


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UNICEF and WHO recommend that children under the age of 5 not be required to wear a mask. It depends on child protection and it is recognized that children are at different stages of development at different ages.

Some countries offer different types of advice about using children's masks, so it's important to know if your local authority has any age-based guidelines. If they instruct children 5 years of age or younger to wear the mask, the child should be supervised directly in front of you or another caregiver to ensure safe use of the mask.

If you or a family member has a health problem or a disability that makes it difficult to use a mask, consult your doctor about what would be best for you.

When exercising, choose a place where you do not need to wear a mask. In this case you can choose a house or a place (such as somewhere outside) where you can maintain a safe physical distance from others. Children and adults should not wear masks during sports or physical activity, so that it does not cause any breathing problems. Sweat can wet the mask, which will make it difficult to breathe and help in the growth of germs.


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