In the last 60 years, plastic has become a useful and versatile material with a wide range of applications. Its uses are likely to increase with ongoing developments in the plastic industry. In the future, plastic could help address some of the world’s most pressing problems, such as climate change and food shortages. For example, plastics are used in the manufacture of rotors for wind turbines and tunnels made from polyethylene can help crops grow in otherwise unfavorable conditions.
Plastics are made from Crude Oil. Although there are new inventions where plastics are made from nonoil sources, 99% of plastics are produced from fossil fuel chemicals.
The word plastic is derived from the greek (plastikos) meaning capable of being shaped or molded
Plastic are high molecular weight organic polymers which can be molded into desired shapes by the application of heat and pressure”.
Plastics are widely used in making electrical instruments, telephones, paneling for walls, instrument boards, automobile parts, lamps, googles, optical instruments, household appliances, etc.
WHAT ARE PLASTIC POLLUTION?
When plastics are disposed inappropriately into the natural environment!
IMPACTS ON LANDS
On the land
- Plastic materials dumped into the earth prevent the production of nutrients in the soil. Because of this, the fertility of the soil is reduced and affects the agriculture sector.
- Kills life on earth
IMPACTS ON AQUATIC LIVES
Physical and Chemical Impact on Aquatic Life and Ecosystem
Physical – Causes death and injuries via ingestion, trapping, suffocating, and more.
Chemical - PCBs and BPA – carcinogenic, immune system breakdown, hormonal dysfunction.
Water is a catalyst for chemical reaction in hot-temperatures
• All effects on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems combined. Humans are dependent on or environment. When the environment is polluted, we are automatically at risk.
IMPACTS ON HUMANS
. It causes immune and enzyme disorders,
hormonal disruption leading to endocrine disorders
and even infertility and is also considered as carcinogenic (cancer).
The Plastic We Use Can Harm Us The things that make plastic so attractive to manufacturers and consumers are the same things that make it so harmful to our health and the environment. You can make plastic in any size, shape, texture, and color. It can be flexible or hard. It can be light (like foam) or heavy. You can even give it a scent. Why? Everything made of plastic starts with a resin (or two, or many) made from petroleum that is combined with any number of chemicals that are relatively untested for safety, such as plasticizers, lubricants, pigments, and stabilizers, to give each item its unique characteristics. Think about the thousands upon thousands of plastic items—bottles, toys, to-go containers, Frisbees, medical supplies, car bumpers, foam, and more all with a unique recipe. And all this plastic has been created faster than we are able to learn about how it affects our environment and bodies.
WHAT CAN WE DO
Avoid Single-Use Plastics. Here is how:
Carry a cotton/reusable bag
Carry a reusable water bottle
Sit and Eat: don’t take away
Carry your own bowl for take away • Carry reusable cutlery always
Refuse unnecessary plastic packaging
Ultimately, SAY NO TO PLASTICS!
This is an initiative to save our planet earth for the future generation.
Even if you don't care at the moment, think about the future.
We can all come together and join this year's environmental day campaign to help fight this cancer of our planet.
you can aslo be an advocate by forming up a movement in drawing people's attention on the subject #endplasticpollution.