Crypto Academy Season 3 | Intermediate course by @allbert -Task 1: A world of Wallets and Exchanges

Greetings dear students, my name is @allbert, and let me welcome you to this new season of Steemit Crypto Academy and especially to the classes that I have baptized as Crypto Gears. (Partly because I am an engineer and partly because I firmly believe that the concepts that we will touch in my classes are the engine that moves this world of cryptocurrencies).

For me, it is an honor to be part of this new stage and to accompany you in the development of what will be a life change for you. As I usually do, my first recommendation is: forget the grades, just worry about learning, and understanding each of the concepts that the teachers give you here, because I am sure that this way it will be more profitable for you.

This day I wanted to reinforce some concepts that may not be new to you, but that perhaps you still do not fully understand. So without further ado, Welcome to my world... A world of Wallets and Exchanges.

0.pngImage Edited by me in Powerpoint

If you did last week's assignments I'm sure you understand what a Wallet is and what an Exchange is, you understand how it works in general and maybe some of you already have an account. However, when we start in the crypto world it is common to confuse both concepts.

In my case, I always asked myself these questions: "Why do both exist, why not just one?"

I must clarify that during this adventure the concepts of Wallet and Exchange are ones that you will hear all the time because ultimately these applications are the ones that allow us to interact in the world of Cryptocurrencies. These applications will fulfill the functions of safes and cryptocurrency brokers.

Clarification: In cryptocurrency trading, we do not operate with brokers, but with Exchanges.


1-Concepts, differences and functions.

They represent the safes for our cryptocurrencies, they are applications or in some cases physical devices whose main function is the secure storage of token information.
Their main classifications are hot wallets and cold wallets, which will determine their security level.

These are virtual applications that allow us to access a kind of global exchange market, and through which we can exchange my tokens with other Exchange users.

We must clarify that every Exchange account is assigned a Wallet within the Exchange, (for this reason it is often confusing). However, as we will learn later, this wallet inside the Exchange is not very secure.

Differences and Functions:

Among some differences we can say that although in both cases the creation of an account is as simple as creating a Social Network account, each has different validation methods.

In the case of wallets, the system assigns you a phrase called "seed phrase", which is a series of random words that the system will ask you for in a specific order to validate that you are the legitimate owner.

Tronlink wallet account seed phrase. Source

In other cases, a wallet is not even an application, but a pure USD device where cryptos are stored.

In the case of Exchanges, the system validates by asking you to enter legal documents such as identity card, passport, or driver's license. I must clarify that most Exchanges require this information in order to permit withdrawals and to increase the level of the account.

Binance account ID Verification. Source

In functions, wallets have been designed only for holding, or accumulate, while the exchanges have been designed to perform trading operations at market price or trading with long term positions.


Wallet: Holding and store.
Exchange: Trading.

Finally, for both cases, you should not forget that the transfer method is the same; through a code that each Exchange or wallet will give you to transfer your cryptos.


2- Pros and Cons.

To understand a little better how both work, let's look at the strengths and weaknesses.

Wallets Pros.
- Higher level of security. In the case of cold wallets or offline wallets, the security is higher since it is impossible for a hacker to access your cryptos to steal them.

Wallet Cons.
- It does not allow trading or exchanging cryptocurrencies.
-In the case of some online wallets it is allowed to perform Swap operations but the fees are high.
- In the case of crypto storage devices, they are expensive, and in the case of some offline wallets, they are difficult to use.

Exchange Pros.
- Their interfaces are generally user-friendly, so they are easy to access and easy to use.
- They have an internal wallet that allows immediate trading.
- They allow the exchange of the vast majority of cryptocurrencies on the market.

Exchange Cons.
- Low level of security compared to wallets. In fact, there are several cases of hacks to famous exchanges. Read this Article


3- If I have an exchange account, why should I need a Wallet?

The answer to this question you may be asking yourself is simple: Security.

When we are starting in the world of Cryptocurrencies we may have a small portfolio, less than 50$, (in my case it was 5$), with which the risk of losses is almost null or negligible.

However, as our portfolio increases so does the risk of being hacked, especially when we manage amounts of thousands of dollars. In this case, wallets are necessary, which as we have seen have a better level of security.

In fact, to use Decentralized Exchanges, which have better exchange rates, it is necessary to have a wallet with which they are synchronized.

A secure exchange operation can be as follows:

1.pngImage Edited by me in Powerpoint

We start in our wallet, transfer the balance of the cryptocurrency we want to exchange to the internal wallet of our Exchange account. Let's imagine that we want to exchange BTC (Bitcoin) for ETH (Ether). Then inside the Exchange, we perform the BTC / ETH exchange operation.

The new cryptocurrency we just obtained (ETH) will be stored inside the Exchange wallet. Finally, we can choose to leave it there or as I recommend to transfer it back to our external wallet.


4- Should I have just one exchange account or Many?

When we are starting out it is logical that we only handle one exchange, however, I recommend my students to handle not only one additional wallet but several exchanges.

Again security plays a key role, but this time factors such as fees, volume, and variety are important.

In the case of security, it is logical to understand that the more diversified and distributed our money is, the better. This is about not having all your eggs in one basket, thus reducing the risk of losing all your crypto assets due to a hack or loss of password.

On the other hand, not all Exchanges allow the operation of all kinds of Cryptocurrencies, in fact, there are some specialized cryptocurrencies that are only found in some exchanges. It is up to us to investigate which exchanges are more convenient.

This token called Sharetoken I have only been able to obtain by performing a swap operation in Trustwallet.

There are some exchanges that have low volume in some kind of tokens. In other words, volume is the availability or liquidity that exists to exchange a cryptocurrency in a given exchange. The lower the volume, the higher the fee rates, for this reason, it is good to have several options of Exchanges that allow us to choose the rates that best suit us.

In my case, I manage 4 exchanges (FTX, Binance, Poloniex, MetaMask) as well as 2 wallets.



The concepts of wallets and exchanges are easy to understand, however, it is common to confuse them and even get to think that one or the other is useless. A very common mistake is to think that having an Exchange account is not necessary to have a wallet.

In fact, both instruments are designed to perform specific functions and allow us to manage our crypto assets in a more specialized, effective, and secure way.

The correct management of both accounts (wallets and exchanges) will allow you to make better use of your resources and not fall victim to potential dangers in the world of cryptocurrencies as hacking or high fees.


Homework Task (Season 3/Week-1)

Before starting your answers this week, make sure you have read this publication at least twice and understand the differences between the two concepts.

1- Explain differences between wallets and exchanges as well as mention which operations should be performed in an Exchange and which operations should be performed in a wallet (in terms of fees).

2- In your own words, Why You think people should have more than one exchange account?. Do you have an exchange account? and Why that specifically?

3- What are better? Wallets or exchanges.?

4- Create an account in a wallet and in an exchange of your choice and show screenshots of the process.


-Make sure you post in the Steemit Crypto Academy community.

-Your article should be at least 300 words.

-Refrain from spam/plagiarism, it won't be tolerated. This task requires screenshot(s) of your own experience. Use images from copyright-free sources and showcase the source, if any.

-This homework task will run from 00:00 June 28th to 23:59 July 3rd, Time UTC.

-Users having a reputation of 55 or above, and having a minimum SP of 250(excluding any delegated-in SP) are eligible to partake in this Task. (Must not be powering it down)

-Add tag #allbert-s3week1 #cryptoacademy among the first five tags. You can also use other relevant tags like your country tag. Also, tag me as @allbert in any part of your post.

-Those who include the real examples/screenshots add a watermark on it with your username.

Feel free to join the comment section if you have any doubt about Homework Task.



Comments 178

But the SP requirement for intermediate is 250 why is this course 300??

27.06.2021 17:54

You are right My friend. It was a spelling error. I've already correct.

27.06.2021 19:19

hello professor @Allbert with all the respect you deserve. If in the official rules of the academy the norms indicate that for the intermediate it is 250SP and you say 300? So was it your mistake or is it against the rules of the academy?
I am puzzled if you could kindly answer this question to clarify to everyone why? Thank you so much

27.06.2021 18:10

Hello @laser145. The right SP is 250. I've already corrected. It was a spelling error.

27.06.2021 19:21

@Allbert muchas gracias por responder y gracias por aclararles a todos los usuarios de steemit.

27.06.2021 19:42

Esta Maravillosa su Clase profesor @allbert super dinámica y muy bien explicada, espero poder participar. Saludos.

27.06.2021 18:46

Gracias. Espero su públicacion

27.06.2021 19:23

Profesor que paso con el requisito mínimo de 250 SP? estaba ansiosa de ocuparme en su tarea:(

27.06.2021 18:55

Ya lo corregí. Es 250 tal como lo dices. Fue un error de mi parte.

27.06.2021 19:22

Muchisimas gracias profe, pronto estare mandando mi tarea!

27.06.2021 19:25

Hola amigo @allbert, super interesante la clase, pronto tendras mi tarea. Una consulta, puede explicarme esta parte.

''which operations should be performed in a wallet (in terms of fees).'' - La traduccion no me deja entender bien, gracias ☺

28.06.2021 04:35

Significa: Que tipo operaciones deberían ser hechas en la billetera y cuáles en los Exchanges ( en términos de fees)

Osea cuales conviene más hacer en la billetera y cuáles en los Exchanges para no perder tanto en sobrecargos.

28.06.2021 12:33

I'm still confused by question number 1, do you mean what operations can be performed on the wallet and what operations can be performed on the exchange? is it correct as i understand?

28.06.2021 10:33

Yes. Un terms of fees. Fees is the key point un this questions guys.

28.06.2021 12:33

Thanks professor

28.06.2021 13:58

Professor, I'm sorry, I don't understand the question number 1, please explain in more detail, thank you...

  1. Explain differences between wallets and exchanges as well as mention which operations should be performed in an Exchange and which operations should be performed in a wallet (in terms of fees).
28.06.2021 10:41

Same question bro

28.06.2021 12:11


28.06.2021 12:38

No problem mate.

First parte of the questions is simple: Explain differences in your own words.

Second parte of the questions: If we took fees as Main key , there are some operations that are expensive ir cheaper in exchanges and wallets. So there ara operations that You better shoud perform in an exchange or in a wallet...

So I wanna You to tell me wich operations are those.

28.06.2021 12:38

which operations should be performed in an Exchange and which operations should be performed in a wallet (in terms of fees).

Thank you prof, but i'm still confused
What is the operation there?

Sorry Prof, I ask a lot of questions 😊

28.06.2021 13:14

That is the invetigation You have to do My friend. If You read the rest of the post carefully You Will see another operations we can do in some wallets.

28.06.2021 13:53

Saludos profesor bienvenido a su nueva etapa espero poder participar y comprender de manera positiva sobre todas su conferencias bendiciones para usted

28.06.2021 15:15

Gracias. Espero tu participación!!

28.06.2021 16:33

Un saludo profesor @allbert aquí esta mi tarea para su clase. Muchas gracias por la misma, espero tenga un buen día!


28.06.2021 16:44

hello professor @allbert

This was an informative lecture, specially for those who have always had difficulty understanding the differences between a wallet and an exchange. It took me some time in wrting it down.

You can read it here

hope you have a good read

28.06.2021 21:11

Hello professor, I participated in this week's assignment and I hope you can go through it.

Here is the link


29.06.2021 16:54

hola @allbert, le presento mi participación para la curso intermedio de su clase de esta semana, muy buena conferencia. saludos.

29.06.2021 17:37

Buenas tardes profesor @allbert, espero que se encuentre bien.

Aquí le dejo el enlace a mi tarea.


29.06.2021 22:54

Un placer participar en su clase esta semana profesor! Adjunto mi tarea espero sea de su agrado.

Muchas gracias por compartir su conocimiento con nosotros.

30.06.2021 02:29
30.06.2021 11:28

let me check my friend

30.06.2021 18:56

Ok my professor while wait

30.06.2021 19:02
30.06.2021 14:25

Buen día profesor aquí le dejo mi tarea espero haber entendido soy nueva en estas actividades y bueno quiero aprender un poco de usted y de los demás compañeros. Gracias

30.06.2021 14:45

Hello Crypto Professor @allbert, it is a pleasure for me to participate in this task, here I leave my participation:

Have a great Week

30.06.2021 15:39

Hello professor @allbert, please here is a link to my assignment.
Thank you.


30.06.2021 18:29

Saludos estimado profesor @allbert, en las reglas se explica que se excluye cualquier sp delegado, mi pregunta es por que yo tengo 100 de mis propios sp delegados a una comunidad, esto me impide participar? o si cuentan ya que son mis propios sp? con estos 100 sp mi total es de 286? actualmente se me reflejan 186 pero por los 100 que tengo delegados a la comunidad steem venezuela. espero su pronta respuesta sobre el asunto para presentar mi tarea.

30.06.2021 20:51

Puedes participar. Se excluye si te delegan a ti para poder completar el requerimiento.

03.07.2021 03:50

Hola @albert, aquí te dejo la entrada de Mi Tarea

Muchas gracias y Dios te bendiga

30.06.2021 22:09

¡Buenas, profesor @allbert!
Felicidades por su primera clase en esta comunidad, por aquí le adjunto mi participación.

Espero poder participar en sus próximas tareas, un saludo y buenas vibras.

01.07.2021 03:14

WOW!!!! What a great class.


01.07.2021 11:52
01.07.2021 15:19
01.07.2021 15:39

Good day professor @allbert, this is the link to my homework post.

01.07.2021 17:44

Thank you prof for your wonderul and simplified lecture. See below my homework task link.


02.07.2021 00:35

Hello professor @allbert here is my submission.

Thank you

02.07.2021 12:42

Hola profesor mi tarea gracias!

02.07.2021 20:42

Buenas tardes profesor, Bienvenido a CryptoAcademy esperamos que su estadía aquí pueda ser muy amena.

Aquí le dejamos nuestra primera Tarea, deseamos que sea de su agrado.

Feliz día y Bendiciones 😀😀

02.07.2021 20:53
03.07.2021 14:05
03.07.2021 16:25

Hello Professor @allbert ,
This is My Entry Post to Homework Task 1.
Thank you.

03.07.2021 18:15

Buenas tardes profesor @allbert Dios lo bendiga, por acá dejo mi tarea luego de combatir contra el internet, pero feliz de haberla realizado.

03.07.2021 23:00

Hi @allbert, i really enjoyed taking part in your task. Below is my Task link

Task Link

03.07.2021 23:48

Profesor my task

03.07.2021 23:53
03.07.2021 23:58

Don't worry, You, karupanocitizen and verdad are the 3 last post I receive for this week

04.07.2021 00:30

tranquilo, recuerda que los profesores tenemos un plazo de al menos 48 horas para revisar el contenido, así que es perfectamente normal.

04.07.2021 00:50

Perfecto profesor, muchas gracias 😁

04.07.2021 00:52

Disculpe que no pude publicar el link a tiempo, la publicación de la tarea fue realizada durante la hora y fecha pautada, pero me he quedado sin servicio electrico en venezuela en la zona donde estoy y hasta ahora es que puedo entregarle mi link de mi tarea, espero pueda comprender la situación, muchisimas gracias...

04.07.2021 00:38

Descuida, yo no me guio por los links que cuelgan acá, sino por el momento exacto en que fue generado el post. Tu publicación está en mi lista de hace 2 horas, asi que tranquila

04.07.2021 01:26

Saludos profesor @allbert, espero este bien. Tuve muchos inconvenientes con el internet sin embargo aquí dejo mi tarea. Muchas gracias por brindarnos sus conocimientos.

04.07.2021 02:18

Dear Mr. @allbert, thank you very much for reviewing my homework post, but 5 days have passed and I haven't received any upvotes from @steemcurator02 yet. Please take a look.
Here is my post link below.

06.07.2021 03:09