The romantic aesthetic sense highlights the grandeur and sacredness of the mountains, the beauty of the wild coastal landscapes, the vastness of the untrodden forests, the rocks and so on. Aspects of the purity of nature unvandalized by human aggression, of the perverted natural landscapes, of the unleashed storms and of the greatness of nature in all its hypostases, of a World existing long before the appearance of human civilization, have become beloved. Of course, such beauties could not be understood by an industrialist eager to open a surface mining operation and grind the mountain, an economist who counted the money (when it rained) or workers exhausted after a prolonged monotonous sinecure at the factory. Romanticism is an important cultural, artistic, and philosophical movement, a creation of an intellectual elite that found itself neither in the rigid norms of the degrading aristocracy nor in the frenzy of savage capitalism in its infancy. The beginnings of this current are located in the middle of the 18th century, had a flowering in the 19th century. Romantic thinking emerged as a reaction to primitive and savage capitalism, which degraded nature and man to simple tools of profit-making. Romanticism, through art and spirituality, passion and love of beauty, through intellect and feelings, adventure and communion with nature, freedom of expression, is delimited by the two essential elements of capitalism, namely the profit-driven bourgeoisie and the degraded, uneducated, dehumanized proletariat and dirty working on conveyor belts.
Ecology, as a science of interrelationships in the ecosphere, has been influenced since its inception by the romantic thinking of Jean Jacques Rousseau and William Blake… including influences from Hindu philosophy. From its beginnings, ecology had not only the scientific-pragmatic side but also the love of plant beauty admired by botanists, the love of species diversity in the new tropical eden visited by naturalists and the understanding of man's position as a species among other species that together constitute the ecosphere.