Ecosystem in the global changes of Kilimanjaro Mountain


Today its scientific results are more relevant than ever. This Humboldt also saw that the high mountains represent a microcosm of the Earth's climate zones. Coffee cultivation in Kilimanjaro high tropical areas provides good information about these effects of agriculture, and there is climate on biodiversity. This is the adaptation of species in the tropical mountains in the nineteenth century. This is the 250th anniversary of Alexander von Humboldt in 2019.

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He was one of the first naturalists to document distribution. It is threatened by the spread and excessive use of agriculture in tropical mountainous areas. These organisms carry important functions such as carbon storage, retention of nutrients in soil, water supply, pollination and its pest control. That is why they are an important shelter for plants and animals. In its world, there are hazard biodiversity hubs from the climate change of tropical mountains.

Five researchers from 30 universities and its research institutions in Germany, Tanzania, Switzerland, and Denmark South Africa needed six years to collect data. This result of the study has been published in Nature. It is in different areas of the southern slope of Kilimanjaro, with varying intensity of land use. This says Marcell Peters of Animal Ecology.

Tropical Biology Chair of Julius Maximilians Universitat Wurzburg (JMU) in Bavaria, Germany By now it has not been known how the use of human lands affects the biodiversity and ecological efficiency of the tropical mountain ecosystem. Simultaneously, the ecological system has natural habitats. Now an international team of researchers led by scientists in JMU considered the study of biodiversity.

Regarding the use of land in Kilimanjaro

At its height the farmers cultivate mixed forests of coffee forest or grassland to feed the cattle. It is the most widely cultivated crop in the Corn Foothills. Its climatic conditions vary with the height of plant and animal species, which remain there. It has plenty of plant and animal species. It is the tallest mountain in Africa at 5,895 meters of Mount Kilimanjaro.

Mount Kilimanjaro: The ecosystem in global change

This research team has studied the richness of species of plants, animals and microorganisms. Such works of ecosystems such as pollination of plants are replaced with the intensity of soil use. The study of the number of these sites studies the sequence of tropical savanna uplift in the African-Alpine ecosystem, which is called Professor Ingolf Steffan Dewenter who started the study. This current study is unique in relation to the number of registered species and the number of groups of ecological works; it is in the form of decomposition of soil nutrients, pollination and decomposition of leaves, along with the functions of the ecosystem as well as at an altitude of 850 to 45050 meters. .

Various conversations between climate and soil use

The intensity of these changes varies in different altitude areas. This works of the ecological system of tropical mountains. These results show that the use of soil is a significant loss of biodiversity and ultras. It says that although the biological communities are still facing major changes, but moderate climate is slightly stronger with moderate climate on the other side of the ecosystem.

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It is in the Savannah region on the foot of the mountain, up to 50% species are lost, even when the use of land is moderate and significant changes appear in the efficiency of the ecosystem. How changes in climate affect the housing and natural systems used by humans. But climate change in various areas of mountain rise can help in making precise predictions about the world in danger.

It is very relevant to understand the use of soil in the mountains and climate change. This study tells us that the effect of land use on biodiversity and the efficiency of ecosystems are strongly related to the climate context. Its general biodiversity and ecological efficiency are less affected than the savannah areas on the foothills of Kilimanjaro.

Support for its sustainable use is important.

This is the protection and enrichment of soil use which is sustainable and is compatible with biodiversity, based on the nature of ecosystems, it is necessary to preserve the diversity of species and functions. These uses of land are particularly harmful for biodiversity and are the functions of the ecosystem of dry and hot ecosystem found at the foothills of Kilimanjaro. It works in tropical mountains and will help preserve these unique ecosystems in the long run.

These effects of land use are also influenced by the climate conditions and vice versa are known as Stephen-Deventer. Our study of this maintains that different motivators of global change cannot be separated individually. They hope that our study contributes to a better understanding of how global environmental change affects biodiversity and ecology.

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